Contra Accounts Definition

contra revenue account list

Contra Liability a/c is not used as frequently as contra asset accounts. It is not classified as a liability since it does not represent a future obligation. In double entry bookkeeping, debits and credits are entries made in account ledgers to record changes in value resulting from business transactions. A debit entry in an account represents a transfer of value to that account, and a credit entry represents a transfer from the account.

contra revenue account list

This is used to present users with ads that are relevant to them according to the user profile.test_cookie15 minutesThis cookie is set by The purpose of the cookie is to determine if the user’s browser supports cookies. Sales Returns and Allowances – also a contra-revenue account and therefore shown as a deduction to Sales. Sales return occurs when there is actual return of a defective item. Sales allowance happens when the customer is willing to keep the item with a reduction in its selling price. Save money and don’t sacrifice features you need for your business. Contains either an allowance for reductions in the price of a product that has minor defects, or the actual amount of the allowance attributable to specific sales.

All Income and expense accounts are summarized in the Equity Section in one line on the balance sheet called Retained Earnings. This account, in general, reflects the cumulative profit or loss of the company. Sales discount refers to reduction in the amount due as a result of early payment, hence pertaining to cash discounts.

Reasons To Include Contra Asset Accounts On A Balance Sheet

The type and captions used for equity accounts are dependent on the type of entity. While gains are generally included in income, they are not considered revenue. The cost of goods that remain unsold at the end of the accounting period. An inventory system that keeps continual track of each type of inventory by recording units on hand at beginning, units sold, and the current balance after each sale or purchase. Although the car is normally an asset because you can sell it for parts or use it for your business, when the car depreciates to a zero or negative balance, it is a contra asset on your balance sheet.

On the income statement, net income is computed by deducting all expenses from all revenues. Revenues are presented at the top part of the income statement, followed by the expenses. Here is an example of a journal entry you would create when you make a sale . If you want to compare your business’s revenue from period to period, look at your operating revenue. This gives you more of an idea of whether your company is growing or declining since non-operating revenue is irregular. Accounting PolicyAccounting policies refer to the framework or procedure followed by the management for bookkeeping and preparation of the financial statements. It involves accounting methods and practices determined at the corporate level.

Each transaction transfers value from credited accounts to debited accounts. For example, a tenant who writes a rent cheque to a landlord would enter a credit for the bank account on which the cheque is drawn, and a debit in a rent expense account. Similarly, the landlord would enter a credit in the rent income account associated with the tenant and a debit for the bank account where the cheque is deposited. The balances in contra accounts are reduced when the assets or liabilities with which they are paired are disposed of. Thus, when a fixed asset is sold, the accumulated depreciation associated with it is reversed. Otherwise, the balances in the various contra asset accounts would continue to increase over time. Contra accounts are used to reduce the original account directly, keeping financial accounting records clean.

  • Indian merchants had developed a double-entry bookkeeping system, called bahi-khata, predating Pacioli’s work by at least many centuries, and which was likely a direct precursor of the European adaptation.
  • In double entry bookkeeping terms, a contra revenue account or contra sales account refers to an account which is offset against a revenue account.
  • When the contra account reads $500 and the normal credit balance is $100,000, then your net sales are $99,500.
  • While gains are generally included in income, they are not considered revenue.
  • A contra account is an account with a balance opposite the normal accounts in its category.
  • When accounting for assets, the difference between the asset’s account balance and the contra account balance is referred to as the book value.

Whether a debit increases or decreases an account’s net balance depends on what kind of account it is. The basic principle is that the account receiving benefit is debited, while the account giving benefit is credited. A revenues account with a debit balance instead of the usual credit balance.

This type of account can equalize balances in the asset account that it is paired with on a business’s balance sheet. The contra asset account has credited balances that can reduce the balance in its paired asset account. A company can choose to state this information as separate line items on its balance sheet so that any financial planners or analysts can determine the extent to which a paired asset might be reduced. Contra RevenueContra revenue refers to any difference between a company’s gross sales and net sales due to sales returns, allowances or discount. The complete accounting equation based on the modern approach is very easy to remember if you focus on Assets, Expenses, Costs, Dividends .

Types Of Finance And Accounting Jobs

The following are examples of contra expense accounts used in double entry bookkeeping. When you buy or sell goods and services, you must update your business accounting books by recording the transaction in the proper account. This shows you all the money coming into and going out of your business. Sort and track transactions using accounts to create financial statements and make business decisions. The same is true for other asset accounts like accounts receivable.

contra revenue account list

A depositor’s bank account is actually a Liability to the bank, because the bank legally owes the money to the depositor. Thus, when the customer makes a deposit, the bank credits the account (increases the bank’s liability). At the same time, the bank adds the money to its own cash holdings account. But the customer typically does not see this side of the transaction. A contra account is used in ageneral ledgerto reduce the value of a related account when the two are netted together.

Classification And Presentation Of Sales Discount

All those account types increase with debits or left side entries. Conversely, a decrease to any of those accounts is a credit or right side entry. On the other hand, increases in revenue, liability or equity accounts are credits or right side entries, and decreases are left side entries or debits. Companies retained earnings balance sheet that issue bonds are likely to use contra liability accounts. If the bond is sold at a discount, the company will record the cash received from the bond sale as “cash”, and will offset the discount in the contra liability account. The contra liability account is less common than the contra asset account.

In the financial statements the revenue account would be offset against the contra revenue account to show the net balance. As an revenue account is normally a credit balance, a contra revenue account will normally be a debit balance.

Bills payable or notes payable is a liability that is created when a company borrows any specific amount of money. If the company repays the loan early, the lender may provide a discount.

Does Accumulated Depreciation Affect Net Income?

A contra account is a general ledger account that offsets the balance of a corresponding account with which it’s paired. If you debit the contra account, ensure that you offset the related account with a credit balance.

This discount is subtracted from the total amount borrowed to better reflect the discount given by the lender. For example, a building is acquired for $20,000, that $20,000 is recorded on the general ledger while the depreciation of the building is recorded separately. Operating revenue is revenue you receive from your business’s main activities, like sales. contra revenue account list If you own a landscaping company, your business’s operating revenue is derived from your services. Or, if you own a pie shop, your business’s operating revenue comes from selling the pies. Check out our FREE guide, A Basic Guide to Cash-basis vs. Accrual, to get more information.Revenue does not show you how much your business actually has during a period.

Accounts Pertaining To The Five Accounting Elements

Learn how to record the types of revenue in different accounts. That way, you can keep your accounting books updated, organized, and legal. Think about the chart of accounts as the foundation of a building, in the chart of accounts you decide how your transactions are categorized and reported in your financial statements.

Contra equity accounts carry a debit balance reduce equity accounts. Contra revenue accounts reduce revenue accounts and have a debit balance. Examples of a contra revenue accounts include sales returns, sales discounts, and sales allowances. You debit the contra revenue accounts and credit the corresponding revenue accounts. For example, when you debit the balance in sales returns account, make sure that you offset the sales revenue account with a credit balance. You may want to first classify contra accounts as contra asset accounts, contra liability accounts, contra equity accounts, or contra revenue accounts before accounting for any transaction.

Balance sheet readers cannot only see the actual cost of the item; they can also see how much of the asset was written off as well as estimate the remaining useful life and value of the asset. A contra account is an account with a balance opposite the normal accounts in its category.

What Are Contra Accounts?

In France Liabilities and Equity are seen as negative Assets and not account types of themselves, just balance accounts. Average time it takes to buy and sell merchandise and then collect accounts receivable. Assets that can be converted into cash or used within one year or the normal operating cycle of the business, which ever is longer. A contra-cost account in the ledger that records the amount of defective or unacceptable merchandise returned to suppliers and or price reductions given for defective items. Modified cash-basis and accrual accounting use the same accounts, which are advanced accounts such as AP and long-term liabilities.

The information recorded in these daybooks is then transferred to the general ledgers. Not every single transaction needs to be entered into a T-account; usually only the sum of the book transactions for the day is entered in the general ledger.

Some businesses might be more specific when naming sales accounts. For example, Service Revenue is a type of account that records sales assets = liabilities + equity from services you perform. However, you will need to debit contra revenue accounts because they are the opposite of revenue accounts.

For example, an accounts receivable’s contra account is a contra asset account. This type of account can also be called the bad debt reserve or allowance for doubtful accounts. In finance, a contra liability account is one that is debited for the explicit purpose of offsetting a credit to another liability account. In other words, the contra liability account is used to adjust the book value of an asset or liability. A contra account is used in a general ledger to reduce the value of a related account when the two are netted together.

This indicates that out of $100,000 sales, your customers return goods valued at $500. Equipment is a long-termasset accountthat has a debit balance. This depreciation is saved in a contra asset account called accumulated depreciation. The accumulated depreciation account has a credit balance and is used accounting to reduce the carrying value of the equipment. The balance sheet would report equipment at its historical cost and then subtract the accumulated depreciation. The sales discounts contra revenue account records the discounts given to customers on sales made to them, normally a cash or settlement discount.

E5 6 Lo1, Corrections Of A Statement Of Financial Position The Bookkeeper For Liba Ltd Has

bond sinking fund on balance sheet

If applicable, the indenture states conversion and call privileges, sinking fund requirements, restrictions as to the payment of dividends, and the maximum debt to equity ratio permitted by the borrower. Under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, an independent trustee is appointed to protect the interests of both the issuer and investors. The bond indenture specifies the duties and responsibilities of the trustee. If the bond’s stated rate differs from the market rate at the time of the purchase, the price paid will not equal the face amount. 1.If the bond’s stated rate is greater than the current market rate, the purchase price is higher than the face amount and the bond is purchased at a premium. -An investor in bonds rarely uses a separate premium or discount account, instead recording the investment at historical cost. If the bond’s stated rate is less than the current market rate, the purchase price is lower than the face amount and the bond is purchased at a discount.

First and the foremost benefit, which we have discussed above is that the by sinking funds, the likelihood of default becomes very negligible due to less principal outstanding, and thus lowering default risk. Second, if there is an increase in interest rates which will reduce the price of the bonds, investors will have downside protection because the issuer has to at least pay at least the par value of the bond. Third, sinking funds provisions helps in creating a liquid secondary market for bonds. A purchase fund is a fund that is only used by the issuers to buy stocks or bonds when those securities have fallen below the original dollar amount assigned by the issuer. Through the sinking fund, the company saves up money to extinguish that debt. The amount of debt that is outstanding is the difference between the money owing and the money saved at any given point in time. Thus, the book value of the bond debt represents the difference between the principal amount owing on the bond and the accumulated balance in the sinking fund at any point in time.

Branding and brand equity are vital components of business marketing that allow businesses to distinguish their goods and services in the marketplace and connect with loyal customers. Take a deep dive into brand messaging and brand equity, and explore the steps a business should follow to develop online bookkeeping its brand. In this lesson, you will learn just what debits and credits are and why they are important to accounting. When accounting for transactions in Australia, we need to account for the General Sales Tax . This lesson will define the GST Clearing Account and provide examples of its use.

  • A sinking fund helps companies that have floated debt in the form bonds gradually save money and avoid a large lump-sum payment at maturity.
  • Annual sinking fund is a calculation of the annual sum required to be invested to amount to £1 in a specified number of years.
  • This blog is created to help people without an accounting background easily understand accounting concepts at no cost.
  • If the two rates are the same, then the bonds sell at par value.
  • If the balance is long-term, and legally restricted balance is noncurrent and should be treated as an investment or other asset If the use of compensating balance is not restricted, full disclosure is required.

At maturity, the price of a debt instrument in good standing should equal its par . Another name for this effect is “reduction of maturity. ” It results from the difference between market interest rate and the nominal yield on the bond. Corporate bonds normally have a par value of $1,000, but this amount can be much greater for government bonds. What confuses many people is that the par value is not the price of the bond. A bond’s price fluctuates throughout its life in response to a number of variables, including interest rates and time to maturity. When a bond trades at a price above the face value, it is said to be selling at a premium.

Coupon Interest Rate

You do not want to be a bond holder in a company that cannot afford to pay back the bonds that it issued. If this is the case, you may not be able to get your initial investment in the company back. After Lori recalls the bonds, she will have effectively lowered the outstanding principal to $50,000. Thus, she spread the principal payments over a period of time to dampen the effects of a large principal payment on the maturity date. Both Emergency and Contingency Funds are similar in purpose as the sinking fund.

The company acquires more bonds at the lower bond price, reducing the number of outstanding Accounting Periods and Methods bonds. If the two rates are the same, then the bonds sell at par value.

bond sinking fund on balance sheet

Preferred stock usually pays a more attractive dividend than common equity shares. A company could set aside cash deposits to be used as a sinking fund to retire preferred stock. In some cases, the stock can have a call option attached to it, meaning the company has the right to repurchase the stock at a predetermined price. There are various ways in which Sinking funds benefit the investors.

Amortization Of Bond Premiums And Accrual Of Bond Discounts

A provision in some bond indentures requiring the issuer to put money aside to repay bondholders at maturity. In bonds with such a provision, a fund or account is set up into which an issuer deposits money on a regular basis to repay the bond when it matures. Another problem with this type of fund is that the company has the right to purchase the bonds at a discount. Many times, companies will wait until interest rates go down so that the values of the bonds will increase. At that point, they will purchase several bonds at the par value which would actually be less than what they would have to pay for them in the market. The basic idea behind a sinking fund is that companies are trying to address their debt in advance.

For example, one keeps a certain amount as an emergency fund that can be spent on a car accident, which is something that can never be predicted. The American Accounting Association is the world’s largest association of accounting and business educators, researchers, and interested practitioners. A online bookkeeping worldwide organization, the AAA promotes education, research, service, and interaction between education and practice. Formed in 1916 as the American Association of University Instructors in Accounting, the association began publishing the first of its ten journals, The Accounting Review, in 1925.

Also, if interest rates decrease, which would result in higher bond prices, the face value of the bonds would be lower than current market prices. In this case, the bonds could be called by the company who redeems the bonds from investors at face value. The investors would lose some of their interest payments, resulting in less long-term income. A sinking fund is established so the company can contribute to the fund in the years leading up to the bond’smaturity. It usually refers either to the current yield, or to the yield to maturity or redemption yield. Price of a callable bond is always lower than the price of a straight bond because the call option adds value to an issuer. Similarly, yield on a callable bond is higher than the yield on a straight bond.

On the other hand, if interest rates fall, the bonds will likely be called, and they can only invest at the lower rate. Sinking funds can either be in cash or in the form of other bonds or preferred stock. In case of cash deposits, the trustee will use those funds and repurchase some or all of the bonds on the open market. If instead of cash, we have another debt into the custodial account, the issuer usually purchases the bonds itself on the open market if the bonds are trading below par value. Sometimes there can also be a doubling option along with a sinking fund. This allows the issuer to redeem twice the amount prescribed at each step in the sinking fund requirement.

Perpetual Vs Nonperpetual Preferred Stock

Under the goodwill accounting alternative, goodwill recognized must be amortized on a straight-line basis over 10 years. -A private company may amortize goodwill over a period shorter than 10 years if it can demonstrate that this useful life is more appropriate. In order to ensure the repayment of the principal, some bond agreements require that the issuing corporation create and maintain a sinking fund. A sinking fund is a collection of cash or perhaps other assets such as marketable securities that is set apart from the firm’s other assets and is used only for a specified purpose. Bond Sinking fund provisions are governed by the terms and conditions of the Bond Agreement and act as a source of safety for the investors of such Bond Issuance. It also results in a lower interest rate offering by the Issuer on account of the safety offered. Further, this Sinking fund requires upfront pledging of assets in the Fund or uniform annual payments or contributions into the fund, which is administered by an Independent Trustee.

When a bond sells below face value, it is said to be selling at a discount. So if the bond is selling at a higher price, an investor has no option to reap that benefit.

If you are a bond holder in this situation, you are potentially going to have to lose money. If you would have sold your bond in the secondary market shortly before it was purchased by the company, you could have made a greater profit. The payments into it are set in a way that that it amortizes the forecasted or expected expenditure. They can also be used in reference tocapital expendituresand renewals by saving funds for larger fixed asset purchases in the future.

bond sinking fund on balance sheet

-Cash is classified as a current asset unless its use is restricted to such purposes as payments to sinking funds. -In this case, cash is reported as a noncurrent asset with an account title such as bond sinking fund. The bond sinking fund is categorized as a long-term asset within the Investments classification on the balance sheet, since it is to be used to retire a liability that is also classified as long term.

Issuance Of BondsA bond is financial instrument that denotes the debt owed by the issuer to the bondholder. These are also negotiable and the interest can be paid monthly, quarterly, half-yearly or even annually whichever is agreed mutually.

The Formula

A sinking fund adds an element of safety to a corporate bond issue for investors. Since there will be funds set aside to pay off the bonds at maturity, there’s less likelihood of default on the money owed at maturity. In other words, the amount owed at maturity is substantially less if a sinking fund is established.

What Is Bond Sinking Fund?

Thus it is a tradeoff between safety and profitability from an Investor’s perspective and more attractive to risk-averse investors. On the contrary, money set aside in Bond Sinking Fund by the Issuer is not available for the growth of the company or for payment of dividends, which directly impacts the Issuer Company’s Stockholders adversely.

Preferred Stock Options

Another advantage of a sinking fund is that it may allow a company to enjoy capital gain benefits. When a company retires a bond, it can record a capital gain transaction if it bought the bond on the open market for less than the bond’s book value. When bond sinking fund on balance sheet a company establishes a sinking fund, it places money in a separate account for the purpose of retiring or repaying its bonds. In some cases, a company may face financial issues that jeopardize its ability to repay its debt obligations to investors.

Balance Sheet As Of July 31, 2020

To identify observable price changes, a reasonable effort should be made to identify relevant transactions by the same issuer that occurred on or before the balance sheet date. -You do not have to make an exhaustive search for all observable price changes.

For example, if the company issued $10 million in bonds and has accumulated $1 million in its sinking fund, the book value of the debt is $9 million. This would be the balance owing if the company used the sinking fund to retire a portion of the bond debt at face value. Sinking fund payments are most commonly set up to match the timing of the bond’s interest payments.

How To Set Up Direct Deposit

adp employee direct deposit form

Form M-4, Massachusetts Employee’s Withholding Exemption Certificate. This form is used to determine the amount of state income taxes to be withheld. Eliminate compliance worries related to those cumbersome and ever-changing federal, state, and most local payroll tax computations and filing requirements. Stop wasting your valuable time on that tedious chore of doing payroll. With ADP, your payroll is done for you quickly and accurately, with less time and effort on your part.

  • Contact the Office of Human Resources for information on how to sign up for this deduction.
  • Now, through ADP’s iPayStatements, you have easy and secure 24/7 access to earnings statements and W-2 forms.
  • All they have to do is tap the notification that says, “Your year-end tax statement is ready” to view or print the downloadable PDF file containing all their tax information.
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Each Faculty member has a signed contract that specifies their specific rate of pay. Faculty are paid on a monthly basis, at the end of each month. Students, staff, and faculty need to make any address changes on the ADP portal. Students also need to update it at the Student Service Office. Both of these forms must be completed five business days prior to the scheduled pay date.

How To Create An Esignature For The Adp Direct Deposit Enrollment Form

Since former employees cannot access to the ADP portal, please contact payroll office for copies. As part of TCNJ’S transition to ADP, the College no longer issues paper checks for payroll. If you do not enroll in the direct deposit option, a Wisely Pay card is automatically issued through ADP. For more information about the benefits of direct deposit enrollment, please visit our Benefits of Enrolling in Direct Deposit webpage.

adp employee direct deposit form

The University has no control of these situations. Any concerns should be addressed directly to the individual financial institution. The Payroll office provides options for direct deposit and ways to access pay statements online. Normally, unless a pre-note is the issue, direct deposits do not take more than adp employee direct deposit form about 2 business days once they are sent. A pre-note is a preapproval process of a direct deposit to verify that the name and number of the account matches the bank records. Sometimes when your direct deposit doesn’t show up as planned, the reason is simply that it has just taken a few extra days to process.

Downloadable Forms Employee & Onboarding

Along with the payee’s signature, they must attach a voided check to the form in order for it to be considered valid. The sigNow extension was developed to help busy people like you to reduce the burden of putting your signature on forms.

ADP is a payroll service used by many businesses to handle the payment of their employees and remains a popular method of such electronic fund transfers. The form must be signed in order for it to be considered a legal document containing the necessary authorization for such transfers. ADP is one of the largest HR and outsourcing services in the world which provides, among many other things, a cloud-based payroll platform. The below form, which we have made fillable, can be used to allow the employee in question to authorize Full Service Direct Deposit of all income owed.

adp employee direct deposit form

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How long will it take to run my payroll? But it’s not — because Roll gets to know your payroll and can predict and prefill the information for you.How often can I pay my employees?

Termination may take up to two pay cycles to process. We hope this format provides a clear summary of how your net pay was determined. The Payroll Office must receive a fully authorized Payroll Authorization Form before commencing pay for an employee. You will receive an email with a download link shortly.

The Social Security Administration may request documentation as to what makes up Box 3 and 5 when a retiree receives a W2. The requests are generally received within 1 year of the retiree applying for Social Security benefits. If you choose to participate in the Aline by ADP program, please download a copy of this document Online Accounting for your records. Make sure to check the box for “Full Deposit” when you setup your new account information. To cancel one of these options, please fill out the necessary form and check the “cancel” box. Students have the option of their pay being deposited into a checking/savings account or their tuition account.

If there is an overpayment, the employment can arrange for a repayment schedule with Payroll. Payroll will look into any deduction questions and follow up with Human Resources as needed. All full-time, part-time and hourly employees, (except part-time faculty) must directly deposit their paychecks. You may allocate your pay to a maximum of three accounts. Your accounts may be at one or more financial institutions, as long as they are members of the New York State Clearing House. Look at the checks associated with your direct deposit account.

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adp employee direct deposit form

Step 3 – The employee will have to verify their information for tax purposes by submitting a Social Security Number and authorizing. Step 2 – The employee will want to get a check and locate the Routing and Account Numbers on the bottom.

Financial Wellness

Roll files and remits payment for W-2s.Do you remit taxes for 1099s? 1099 filings have to be printed on special, government required paper, so you’ll need to file 1099s yourself. Here’s some information related to Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC and their instructions to help make it easy on you.How do employees and contractors access their W-2s and 1099s respectively? Tax statements are delivered to employees and contractors right in the app every January for the previous tax year. All they have to do is tap the notification that says, “Your year-end tax statement is ready” to view or print the downloadable PDF file containing all their tax information.

Nti Benefits Forms

All you need is your bank’s name, your bank routing number, your bank account number and the dollar amount you would like deposited. Direct deposit forms are available here, or you can call or stop by the Payroll Office to request one. The Payroll Office must receive the signed original to process . Direct deposit takes two pay periods to begin. Please complete the cancel direct deposit authorization form and return to Payroll in MGL 107. Roll calculates your payroll taxes each pay period, files your taxes, and remits payment for you. All you have to do is run payroll.Do you remit taxes for W-2s?

Timesheets must be submitted to the Payroll Office within 60 days of the date the hours were worked. Direct deposit statements/pay stubs can be viewed online only via ADP’s iPay.

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Save More With Payroll Services

Choose if you want to enable the export of the information form the completed direct deposit form and when. The export can be scheduled on the employee’s start date. The calculator helps you figure out proper withholding for Form W-4. Paychecks can be picked up at the Payroll Office on the day of the pay date. Employee will be asked to show a picture ID. Any student paychecks not picked up after two weeks are put in the postal mail.

Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, the purpose of the Form I-9 is to document that a new employee is authorized to work in the United States. New employees are required to provide unexpired and acceptable documents per Form I-9 to establish identity and work eligibility. Whether your business is small or large, we can help you meet all your payroll needs. Employees may enroll in direct deposit, or view and update their direct deposit information, by logging into the Oracle Cloud system. A tutorial for direct deposit self-service is viewable here. All paystubs can be viewed online at

To receive direct deposit payments, your employer will need certain account information. They may have a specific form normal balance for you to fill out or ask for a voided check. You’ll likely need to provide your account information online.

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Author: Elisabeth Waldon